Industrialization, Urbanization, and Immigration Business and industrialization centered on the cities.
According to the census, 95 percent of the population lived in the countryside. The 5 percent of Americans living in urban areas places with more than 2, persons lived mostly in small villages. Only Philadelphia, New York, and Boston had more than 15, inhabitants.
The South was almost completely rural. After the urban areas of the country grew more rapidly than the rural areas. By industrialization had produced substantial growth in cities, and 35 percent of Americans lived in urban areas, mostly in the northern half of the United States.
The South remained rural, except for New Orleans and a few smaller cities. The number of Americans living in cities did not surpass the number in rural areas until By the s three out of four Americans lived in an urban setting, and since World War II the southern half of the country has become increasingly urbanized, particularly in Texas, Arizona, and the states along the eastern seaboard.
Growth of Cities Until the middle of the 19th century, the center of the city was the most fashionable place to live. Merchants, lawyers, and manufacturers built substantial townhouses on the main thoroughfares within walking distance of the docks, warehouses, offices, courts, and shops where they worked.
Poorer people lived in back alleys and courtyards of the central city. Markets, shops, taverns, and concert halls provided services and entertainment.
The middle classes lived a little farther from the center, and other poor people lived in the suburbs, farther from the economic and governmental centers and away from urban amenities such as town watches, water pumps, and garbage collection. Cities were densely populated, as people had to live within walking distance of work and shops.
Streets were narrow, just wide enough to accommodate pedestrians and wagons. The Industrial Revolution of the 19th and 20th centuries transformed urban life and gave people higher expectations for improving their standard of living.
The increased number of jobs, along with technological innovations in transportation and housing construction, encouraged migration to cities. Development of railroads, streetcars, and trolleys in the 19th century enabled city boundaries to expand. People no longer had to live within walking distance of their jobs.
With more choices about where to live, people tended to seek out neighbors of similar social status, if they could afford to do so. The wealthy no longer had to live in the center of the city, so they formed exclusive enclaves far from warehouses, factories, and docks.
Office buildings, retail shops, and light manufacturing characterized the central business districts.Mar 19, · Although urban politics played a crucial role in the development of American cities between and , the leading factors that helped the development were technology and class division because of the new railroads and factories and the wide gap between the rich and the benjaminpohle.com: Center Hill High School APUSH.
American Industry () I. Industrializationbythes II. The-Industrial-Transformation A. Contribution-oftheCivil-War B. Population-Resources C.
MoneyCapital D. Government-Support. An important architectural innovation to American city growth that allowed cities to expand upward because of increasing land values central business districts. The first of such steel-skeletoned buildings was built in by William Le Baron Jenny as the ten-story Home Insurance Company Building in .
largest American city by made it the nation’s industrial nerve center, drawing hundreds of thousands of foreign immigrants and rural dwellers to the city. In the twenty years between and , Chicago's population more than tripled. Apache/ Server at benjaminpohle.com Port benjaminpohle.com has been an NCCRS member since October The mission of benjaminpohle.com is to make education accessible to everyone, everywhere.
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