The siege of the U. Embassy in Tehran and took a group of Americans hostage. You have seen this story play out in movies like "Argo" and shows like "Homeland," but here are six things about the Iran hostage crisis that you may not have known. Inthe Ayatollah Khomeini installed an anti-Western Islamic theocracy, which replaced the pro-Western monarchy of the Shah of Iran.
Kenneth Kraus On the morning of February 14, — the same day that the U. Embassy in Tehran and took a Marine named Kenneth Kraus hostage. Ambassador William Sullivan surrendered the embassy to save lives, and with the assistance of Iranian Foreign Minister Ebrahim Yazdireturned the embassy to U.
He was to be executed, but President Carter and Sullivan secured his release within six days. The furnace malfunctioned and the staff was forced to use cheap paper shredders. Asgharzadeh later said there were five students at the first meeting, two of whom wanted to target the Soviet Embassy because the USSR was "a Marxist and anti-God regime".
They also drew on their experiences from the recent revolution, during which the U. Embassy grounds were briefly occupied. They enlisted the support of police officers in charge of guarding the embassy and of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards. Khoeiniha feared that the government would use the police to expel the students as they had the occupiers in February.
The provisional government had been appointed by Khomeini, and so Khomeini was likely to go along with the government's request to restore order.
On the other hand, Khoeiniha knew that if Khomeini first saw that the occupiers were faithful supporters of him unlike the leftists in the first occupation and that large numbers of pious Muslims had gathered outside the embassy to show their support for the takeover, it would be "very hard, perhaps even impossible", for him to oppose the takeover, and this would paralyze the Bazargan administration, which Khoeiniha and the students wanted to eliminate.
They claimed that inthe American Embassy had acted as a "den of spies" from which the coup was organized.
Documents were later found in the embassy suggesting that some staff members had been working with American intelligence agencies. Takeover[ edit ] Two American hostages during the siege of the U.
On November 4,one of the demonstrations organized by Iranian student unions loyal to Khomeini erupted into an all-out conflict right outside the walled compound housing the U.
A female student was given a pair of metal cutters to break the chains locking the embassy's gates and hid them beneath her chador. This was reflected in placards saying: We just want to sit in.
According to Foreign Minister Yazdi, when he went to Qom to tell Khomeini about it, Khomeini told him to "go and kick them out. In the first couple of days, many of the embassy workers who had sneaked out of the compound or had not been there at the time of the takeover were rounded up by Islamists and returned as hostages.
Others went to the Swedish Embassy in Tehran for three months. In a joint covert operation known as the Canadian caperthe Canadian government and the CIA managed to smuggle them out of Iran on January 28,using Canadian passports and a cover story that identified them as a film crew.
Personnel Being Held in the Embassy Compound".Iran hostage crisis Former hostages arriving in the United States on January 25, , five days after being released by their captors in Iran. MSGT Deal Toney/U.S. Department of Defense Iran hostage crisis Gary Lee greeting his family after being released from Iran, January 25, Iran hostage crisis The overthrow of Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlevi of Iran by an Islamic revolutionary government earlier in the year had led to a steady deterioration in Iran-U.S.
relations. In response to the exiled shah's admission (Sept., ) to the United States for medical treatment, a crowd of about seized the embassy. Jan 21, · The hostage crisis in Iran came to an end after days.
On January 20, the remaining Americans held in Tehran were released. Oct 27, · It has been 35 years since Iranians stormed the U.S. Embassy and took Americans hostage. Here are six things about the crisis that you may not have known.
The Iran hostage crisis was a diplomatic standoff between Iran and the United States of America. Iran Hostage Crisis The Iran Hostage Crisis lasted for days and went from 4 November to 20 January This crisis happened only after a long time friend and ally, the Shah of Iran, was ousted from power and left Iran in January