Despite rising economy, Pakistan is still hampered by image problem. Pakistan needs to move along with structural reforms by locating root causes of the problems and challenges its economy faces. Interest Rates Perhaps the only thing going right in Pakistan presently is the interest rate, which is 6 percent for the last couple of years.
Prospects for pakistan — India Relations: Challenges and Prospects Pakistan and India have shared a long history of conflict. The two countries have witnessed more ups and downs in their relationship, in a relatively short span of almost seven decades, than most countries do in hundreds of years.
The relationship between the two South Asian neighbours can to some extent be explained by the subaltern realist theory. According to the theory of subaltern realism, the third world states are weak and dependent, due to which their ability to focus on their long-term benefits is less that on the developed countries.
As the third world countries which were established after colonialism came to an end in the subcontinent, Pakistan and India have always been dependent on bigger powers as far as their security and survival are concerned. The third world countries seek survival and are constantly in competition.
Therefore, internal and external factors both act as catalysts in influencing the behaviour and decisions of these states. According to the realist school of thought, the international structure of the world is inherently anarchical.
There is no hierarchy of power. This anarchy in the international system forces these countries to be in constant competition with each other. They all seek survival and security. However, in order to understand and analyze the relationship between the two South Asian giants, one has to carefully look at their relationship through the prism of three levels of analysis, i.
At the systematic level, Pakistan and India have faced conflict of interests at the geo-strategic and geo-political levels. Whether it was the conflict of disputed territories between the two or of being a part of different alliances, these two countries have always found themselves to be on the opposite sides.
That can be related to the alliance-formation of these states in time of need due to their dependence on developed countries.
For example, Pakistan allied with the U. On the regional level, the relations between Pakistan and India directly have an impact on regional security and stability; this relationship is considered to be one of the most important ones in the world. The world views the relationship between the two countries of a highly volatile nature, mainly because of the traumatic ideological and political history shared by the two.
This shared history between Pakistan and India comes with a baggage. The legacy of unjust partition resulted in territorial disputes and constant state of insecurity and tension on borders. The conflicts between the two countries have weighed down on the future of the two countries.
One of the most important points of concern between the two countries is Kashmir. Kashmir has been and still is a constant source of tension and a potential recipe of disaster between the two countries. Since the inception of the two countries, there has been a huge third party interference.
At times, this interference was for the sake of maintaining peace and stability in the region, while at the others it was not. Whereas some of the observers in both countries have referred to this third party interference as meddling, while others see it as a way of moving the dialogue process forward.
These international actors like the United States have time and again helped propel the dialogue process forward and repeatedly urged the two countries to reach a point of detente in their relations.
It should be noted that over the last decade or so, this third party interference has decreased considerably. These geo-political and geo-strategic circumstances involve the decline of the stature and power of the United States as the sole-super power in the world as well as the rise of multi-polarity.
Hence, that has led to regional destabilisation and tensions. The third is the domestic level. Domestic politics have deeply impacted relations between the two countries. Domestically, the ultra-right and the hard-line factions in both countries have maintained a constant pressure on the governments of both sides and on occasion have forced the countries to behave or adopt a certain policy which the governments in ordinary circumstances might not have taken.
This appeasement to the right wing has been witnessed numerous times and has more times than not resulted in stagnation of the peace and dialogue process. In recent times, the stand-off between Pakistan and India and the Mumbai attacks of bear witness to this fact.
These tensions not only put a stop to the on-going peace process between the two countries but also held off any advances that might have accrued if the talks had continued. It would not be wrong to assume, perhaps, that the reason that Pakistan and India have not been able to achieve a breakthrough on a single core issue has been because of the internal domestic pressures.
Ideological polarization can be considered as one of the factors which have impacted, rather severely, relations of the two countries.
Pakistan and India are neighbouring countries whose future is entwined and dependent upon each other. It is up to the two countries to find a way that leads to peace and prosperity of not only the two countries but also of the region.giews crop prospects and food situation #1 march contents countries requiring external assistance for food 2 global cereal overview 6 low-income food-deficit countries’ food situation overview 8.
Pakistan (Urdu: پاکِستان ), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu: اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان ), is a country in South Asia and on crossroads of East Asia, West Asia and Central benjaminpohle.com giving Pakistan a strategic demographic location in the World. It is the fifth-most populous country with a population exceeding ,, people.
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