Both the lives of Simba and Hamlet are profoundly changed by their uncles. Both princes are only sons and have no siblings. Both have shady uncles. Scar is jealous of his brother, Mufasa, and wants to be the king instead.
During his childhood, he moved with his family to nearby New Rochelle, New York. In a fire destroyed the family home in New Rochelle, killing his grandmother. While at Dartmouth College he studied biology and mathematics, but decided that he preferred the humanities.
He transferred to Columbia Universitywhere he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in English literature in and a Master of Arts degree in medieval literature in At Dartmouth he had joined Delta Tau Delta.
An accomplished athlete, he received awards in track and field events, and, for a time, was among the fastest half-mile runners in the world. On the ship during his return trip he encountered the messiah elect of the Theosophical SocietyJiddu Krishnamurti ; they discussed Indian philosophysparking in Campbell an interest in Hindu and Indian thought.
He learned to read and speak French and German.
Lacking faculty approval, Campbell withdrew from graduate studies. Later in life he said while laughing but not in jest that it is a sign of incompetence to have a PhD in the liberal arts, the discipline covering his work. He later said that he "would divide the day into four four-hour periods, of which I would be reading in three of the four-hour periods, and free one of them I would get nine hours of sheer reading done a day.
And this went on for five years straight. Campbell was introduced to the Steinbecks by author and early nutritionist Adelle Davis whom he met and developed a close relationship with on a cruise to the Caribbean with his father in December For most of their 49 My hero for a humanities class of marriage they shared a two-room apartment in Greenwich Village in New York City.
In the s they also purchased an apartment in Honolulu and divided their time between the two cities. They did not have any children. This year had a profound influence on his thinking about Asian religion and myth, and also on the necessity for teaching comparative mythology to a larger, non-academic audience.
Death[ edit ] Campbell died at his home in HonoluluHawaiion October 30,from complications of esophageal cancer. Influences[ edit ] Art, literature, philosophy[ edit ] Campbell often referred to the work of modern writers James Joyce and Thomas Mann in his lectures and writings, as well as to the art of Pablo Picasso.
He was introduced to their work during his stay as a graduate student in Paris. Campbell eventually corresponded with Mann. The "follow your bliss" philosophy attributed to Campbell following the original broadcast of The Power of Myth see below derives from the Hindu Upanishads ; however, Campbell was possibly also influenced by the Sinclair Lewis novel Babbitt.
In The Power of MythCampbell quotes from the novel: Not in a long time. Remember the last line? Campbell was also influenced by the psychological work of Abraham Maslow and Stanislav Grof.
For years, ever since it was first published, the Bardo Thodol has been my constant companion, and to it I owe not only many stimulating ideas and discoveries, but also many fundamental insights.
The theory is based on the observation that a common pattern exists beneath the narrative elements of most great myths, regardless of their origin or time of creation. Campbell often referred to the ideas of Adolf Bastian and his distinction between what he called "folk" and "elementary" ideas, the latter referring to the prime matter of monomyth while the former to the multitude of local forms the myth takes in order to remain an up-to-date carrier of sacred meanings.
As a strong believer in the psychic unity of mankind and its poetic expression through mythology, Campbell made use of the concept to express the idea that the whole of the human race can be seen as engaged in the effort of making the world "transparent to transcendence" by showing that underneath the world of phenomena lies an eternal source which is constantly pouring its energies into this world of time, suffering, and ultimately death.
To achieve this task one needs to speak about things that existed before and beyond words, a seemingly impossible task, the solution to which lies in the metaphors found in myths.
These metaphors are statements that point beyond themselves into the transcendent. As this story spread through space and evolved through time, it was broken down into various local forms masksdepending on the social structures and environmental pressures that existed for the culture that interpreted it.
These stages, as well as the symbols one encounters throughout the story, provide the necessary metaphors to express the spiritual truths the story is trying to convey.
Metaphor for Campbell, in contrast with comparisons which make use of the word like, pretend to a literal interpretation of what they are referring to, as in the sentence " Jesus is the Son of God" rather than "the relationship of man to God is like that of a son to a father".
God is a metaphor for a mystery that absolutely transcends all human categories of thought, even the categories of being and non-being. Those are categories of thought.I really like prof Ghiasinejad! This is my second class with him and he's very clear about instructions.
There are quizzes on every chapter and 3 tests. Learn humanities with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of humanities flashcards on Quizlet. The first example of the psychological novel in Russia, A Hero of Our Time influenced Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky, and Chekhov, and other great nineteenth-century masters that followed.
Its hero, Pechorin, is Byronic in his wasted gifts, his cynicism, and his desire for any kind of action-good or ill-that will stave off boredom. The title page of a slave narrative bears significant clues as to the authorship of the narrative itself.
Subtitles often convey the role that the subject named in the narrative’s title actually played in the production of the narrative.
Michael Judd Humanities Class Seeing your artifact in a new light Identify your chosen artifact: Mandala Describe the artifact in detail using any applicable senses mentioned in the overview: Mandala is the Sanskrit word for circle and represents a sense of wholeness. Mandalas are symbolic and used for developing concentration during the course of meditation.
As is the case with most self-expression, F. Scott Fitzgerald used his writing in an attempt to make sense of the world and to share that understanding with his audience.