National Archaeological Museum, Athens. The word "mask" appeared in English in the s, from Middle French masque "covering to hide or guard the face", derived in turn from Italian maschera, from Medieval Latin masca "mask, specter, nightmare". This in turn is of uncertain origin — perhaps from a Germanic source akin to English "mesh", but perhaps from mask- "black", a borrowing from a pre-Indo-European language.
Masks are almost as old as mankind. While they have a magical attraction to the observer and those who wear them, their initial intent was to provoke awe, terror and laughter. Throughout history, masks have been used in many ways: In Venice, masks played a major role in everyday life and the first records of carnivals date back to the year At first, wearing masks in public was prohibited beyond the carnival with the exception of nobility, who were allowed to incorporate the masks into their private parties.
Men wore the masks to conceal their identities as well and as a result anonymity was secured. While they wore the masks, people were able to commit immoral acts all while remaining anonymous.
Hedonistic, immoral and extravagant behavior in the Venetian republic lasted all the way until its prohibition in by Napoleon. Masks are traditionally made of leather but more commonly of woolen paper.
To make each mask, a clay model is produced after which liquid plaster is poured and hardened. The plaster is then coated with a medium such as Vaseline, which is meant to prevent the paper from sticking.
Masks are prepared with two or three layers of paper, depending on the size of the mold, and are left until they completely dry.
The mask is then further processed to include specific designs prior to being painted. In order to protect the mask, it is imperative that it be coated with a clear varnish.The comedy and tragedy masks serve to show us the two aspects of human emotions― the comedy mask shows us how foolish human beings can be, while the tragedy mask portrays dark emotions, such as fear, sadness, and loss.
Mask: Mask, a form of disguise or concealment usually worn over or in front of the face to hide the identity of a person and by its own features to establish another being. This essential characteristic of hiding and revealing personalities or moods is common to all masks. Many designs of Venetian masks stem from Commedia dell'arte.
They can be full-face masks (e.g. the bauta) or eye masks (e.g.
the Columbina). History. Near the end of the Republic, the wearing of masks in daily life was severely restricted. By the 18th century, it was limited only to . History of the Mask History of the MaskIntroductionMaskGeneral CharacteristicsThe Making Of Masks The Wearing Of Masks The Role Of The Spectator Meaning And Aesthetic Response History Of The Mask History of the mask article deals with the general characteristics, functions, and forms of masks.
Although a Deangle mask may begin its life history in an initiation camp or as an entertainment mask, its status can become elevated to that of a more powerful judge mask. Moreover, any Dan mask can function as the powerful great mask, which settles important matters like stopping wars between villages.
History of Dance Masks Topeng dance is one of many applications of masks in the human life. It is a traditional dance drama that is played in Indonesia and tells a variety of stories.