To make matters worse, laws were passed in some states to limit voting rights for blacks. Moreover, southern segregation gained ground in when the U. Supreme Court declared in Plessy v. They were also discouraged from joining the military.
Background[ edit ] Homosexuality in 20th-century United States[ edit ] Following the social upheaval of World War IImany people in the United States felt a fervent desire to "restore the prewar social order and hold off the forces of change", according to historian Barry Adam. Armyand other government-funded agencies and institutions, leading to a national paranoia.
Anarchistscommunistsand other people deemed un-American and subversive were considered security risks. Homosexuals were included in this list by the U.
State Department on the theory that they were susceptible to blackmail. Ina Senate investigation chaired by Clyde R. Hoey noted in a report, "It is generally believed that those who engage in overt acts of perversion lack the emotional stability of normal persons",  and said all of the government's intelligence agencies "are in complete agreement that sex perverts in Government constitute security risks".
Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI and police departments kept lists of known homosexuals, their favored establishments, and friends; the U.
Post Office kept track of addresses where material pertaining to homosexuality was mailed. Cities performed "sweeps" to rid neighborhoods, parks, bars, and beaches of gay people. They outlawed the wearing of opposite gender clothes, and universities expelled instructors suspected of being homosexual.
Many lived double lives, keeping their private lives secret from their professional ones. A large-scale study of homosexuality in was used to justify inclusion of the disorder as a supposed pathological hidden fear of the opposite sex caused by traumatic parent—child relationships.
This view was widely influential in the medical profession. Homophile In response to this trend, two organizations formed independently of each other to advance the cause of homosexuals and provide social opportunities where gays and lesbians could socialize without fear of being arrested.
Los Angeles area homosexuals created the Mattachine Society inin the home of communist activist Harry Hay. They reasoned that they would change more minds about homosexuality by proving that gays and lesbians were normal people, no different from heterosexuals.
An organization named ONE, Inc. Postal Service refused to mail its August issue, which concerned homosexuals in heterosexual marriages, on the grounds that the material was obscene despite it being covered in brown paper wrapping.
Gradually, members of these organizations grew bolder. Frank Kameny founded the Mattachine of Washington, D. He had been fired from the U. Army Map Service for being a homosexual, and sued unsuccessfully to be reinstated.AMERICA'S CIVIL RIGHTS TIMELINE MARCH 6, work or participate in society. The following year, the First Civil Rights Act invalidated these "Black Codes," conferring the "rights of citizenship" on all black people.
"We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline," he urged. Gay & Lesbian History for Kids: The Century-Long Struggle for LGBT Rights, with 21 Activities (For Kids series) [Jerome Pohlen] on benjaminpohle.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Who transformed George Washington’s demoralized troops at Valley Forge into a fighting force that defeated an empire? Who cracked Germany’s Enigma code and shortened World War II? A brief history of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender social movements/Bonnie J.
Morris, PhD On June 12, , the popular gay dance club Pulse in Orlando was the site of a mass shooting by one assailant.
Explore records of the National Archives documenting the ongoing struggle of Americans to define, attain, and protect their rights. The American civil rights movement came to a head under the Johnson administration.
Many had seen the March on Washington in August as the apotheosis of the nonviolent struggle for civil rights. Many had seen the March on Washington in August as the apotheosis of the nonviolent struggle for civil rights.
From Pre-Columbian to the New Millennium. The word history comes from the Greek word historía which means "to learn or know by inquiry." In the pieces that follow, we encourage you to probe, dispute, dig deeper — inquire.
|A Chronology of the Global Human Rights Struggle — Global Issues||Students at Moton High School protested the overcrowded conditions and failing facility. The NAACP proceeded with five cases challenging the school systems; these were later combined under what is known today as Brown v.|
|Voting in Early America : The Colonial Williamsburg Official History & Citizenship Site||The American civil rights movement came to a head under the Johnson administration.|
|If you like our content, please share it on social media!||Civil Rights Movement Introduction Rapid expansion of civil liberties and rights in America occurred during the last half of the 20th century.|
History is not static.