It is regarded as his best and most mature work. Where suicide focused on a large amount of statistics from varying sources, the elementary forms of Religious life used one case study in depth, the Australian aborigines. Durkheim choose this group because he felt they represented the most basic, elementary forms of religion within a culture. Durkheim set out to do two things, established the fact that religion was not divinely or super naturally inspired and was in fact a product of society.
How Do Cults Harm Society?
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The report, " Cultism: A Conference for Scholars and Policy, " outlines some direct ways in which cults have harmed society: Fraudulent acquisition and illegal disposition of public assistance and social security funds.
Violation of immigration laws. Abuse of the legal system through spurious lawsuits, groundless complaints to licensing and regulatory bodies, or extravagant demands for services such as those provided by the "Freedom of Information Act" as part of "fishing expeditions" against their enemies.
Pursuit of political goals while operating under the rubric of a nonpolitical, charitable, or religious organization. Business Deceptive fund-raising and selling practices.
Organizational and individual stress resulting from pressuring employees to participate in cultic management training and growth seminars.
Misuse of charitable status in order to secure money for business and other noncharitable purposes. Unfair competition through the use of underpaid labor or "recycled salaries. Infiltration of established religious groups in order to recruit members into the cult. Cults also harm society in important indirect ways.
Cults violate five interrelated values that sustain free, pluralistic cultures: Because they "cheat," cults are able to gain power far beyond their numbers. Furthermore, the majority seek the protection guaranteed by the Bill of Rights, even thought their ultimate goal is to eliminate the very freedom they claim for themselves.
They thus pose a serious challenge: How does a free, constitutionally-based society protect itself against the totalistic impulses and practices of cults and other groups of zealots without becoming closed and repressive?
Simply put, how does the constitutional center hold together?
This question is especially important today because the American cultural identity has fragmented. The once-dominant Judeo-Christian tradition has been challenged, some say supplanted, by a secularism which, although consistent with the American Constitutional heritage, rejects many major tenets of traditional Judeo-Christian morality.
While these two camps have been battling, a third value system or world view, rooted in eastern mysticism and issuing from the humanistic psychology movement, has worked itself into the American consciousness. Most proponents of these three world views tolerate disagreement and respect their opponents, even as they compete - knowingly or not- for dominance within the changing American identity.
But on the fringes of each world view, zealots, many of whom belong to well-organized cults, seek to remake the culture in their own image. If cultic zealotry is not ethically restrained, American culture will lose its ethical moorings and the values that have for so long undergirded constitutional guarantees.
The hundreds of thousands of families whom cults have torn apart and the millions of individuals whose rights and integrity they have violated testify to the gravity of this threat.
Study Guides Navigation - Cultic Studies.6 facts about U.S. Mormons By Aleksandra Sandstrom and Becka Alper Twice each year, in April and October, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints holds its General Conference in .
A new religious movement (NRM), also known as a new religion or an alternative spirituality, is a religious or spiritual group that has modern origins and which occupies a peripheral place within its society's dominant religious culture.
Aug 29, · Religion and Society. Follow the RSS feed for this page: Western democracies, such as Canada, Australia and most European states, according to a recent Pew Research Center study. Religion July 24, In Western Europe, familiarity with Muslims is linked to positive views of Muslims and Islam.
Across Western Europe, . Chapter STUDY. PLAY. Secularization. Which sociological perspective emphasizes the integrative power of religion in human society? dysfunctions of religion.
When a teacher's aide must report to her teacher, and the teacher must report to his assistant principal, who then must report to her principal, who then must report to the. according to Durkheim, one of the 3 essential elements of religion - a moral community of believers; also refers to a large, highly organized religious group that has formal, sedate worship services with little emphasis on evangelism, intense religious experience, or personal conversation (Church).
According to the online bibliography Cults, “ most cults in the historical record have been short lived, but some persist to become the nuclei of important religious movements.” This is exactly what happened with the example of Christianity.